Evaluation of physicochemical property and fatty acid composition of Opuntia elatior seed oil
Keywords:seed oil, fatty acids, physicochemical characteristics
Seed oil extracted from Opuntia elatior was analyzed for its physicochemical properties such as acid value, iodine value, saponification value, unsaponifiable matter and fatty acid composition. The assessment of fatty acid composition using gas liquid chromatography shows the presence of 15.65% saturated fatty acids and 84.35% unsaturated fatty acids. Linoleic acid was the dominating fatty acid followed by oleic and palmitic acids respectively. The oil analysis showed that the Iodine value, Acid value, Saponification value and Unsaponifiable matter were 110.95, 1.64, 191.85 and 2.65 respectively. Opuntia elatior appears to be a good potential source of seed oil for industrial utilization.